The landlord is not responsible for damage to the tenant’s personal property unless such damage was a direct result of his/her negligence. A tenant should carry renter’s insurance for there own protection.
Colorado law provides that, in some cases, a landlord may lien some of the tenant’s personal property for past due rent. Prior to a lien, the landlord should seek legal advice. If property has been seized, the tenant should document in writing the property taken. When involved in a landlord lien, the tenant / landlord should seek legal services. If a lien is improperly executed, the landlord could be liable to the tenant for punitive damages.
If a lease specifies the rent amount, it cannot be increased during the lease period. Once a lease has expired, a new lease may have an increased rent amount. Colorado law currently has no rent control.
Subleases & Assignments
A sublease is an additional contract between the landlord and a new tenant. It doesn’t relieve the original tenant from their lease. For example, if the subtenant is delinquent in rent payment, the landlord may sue for any unpaid balances from the original tenant, or both. The landlord may or may not require a new security deposit on a sublease.
An assignment is a contact between the landlord and a second tenant that relieves the original tenant of their lease. In this case, if the second tenant is delinquent on rent, the landlord may only sue the second tenant. On an assignment, the landlord will almost always require a new security deposit.
Both subleases and assignments only occur under the landlord’s direction. Under Colorado law, a landlord may not withhold permission to sublet without reason. Always refer to the lease for sublease or assignment agreements.